NEW START TREATY: #GS2 #International treaties and agreements ∙What Is the New START Treaty? ∙The number of nuclear warheads that Russia and the United States of America can deploy is capped at 1,550 under the sole remaining arms reduction deal between the two former Cold War adversaries,  New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty).  ∙It went into effect on February 5, 2011.  ∙It continues the bipartisan process of verifiably reducing U.S. and Russian strategic nuclear arsenals by restricting each side to 700 strategic launchers and 1,550 operable warheads.  ∙It was initially supposed to last for ten years, or until 2021; however, it was given an additional five  years, or until 2026.   ∙A group of people who operate in the construction sector is referred to as a “ecosystem.”   ∙A group of people who operate in the construction sector is referred to as a “ecosystem.”     ∙Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT):  ∙Both parties agreed under the Interim Agreement, which came […]


TOWARDS TRANSPARENCY IN OTT REGULATION:  #GS 3 #IT and Computers #INNTERNAL SECURITY Context:  ∙When the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Regulations, also known as the new IT Rules 2021, were published by the government two years ago, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MoI&B) was given the authority to control content on OTT and online platforms.    This is the OTT rule:  ∙With industry-level “self-regulation” and a ministry-level “oversight mechanism” for the results, India’s strategy can be described as a light-touch “co-regulation” paradigm. The Guidelines also  contain an ethics code and a complaints procedure. Access control measures, such as parental locks,  are required for content rated U/A 13+ or above and for programmes categorised “A” (18+), respectively.  ∙Over-the-top platforms, or OTTs, are companies that first use them as distribution channels for content  before producing and releasing their own web series, movies, documentaries, and short films.  ∙Consider the services Netflix, Disney+, Hulu, and Amazon Prime Video.    ∙Aiming for media literacy:    ∙Although the OTT Rules were announced in 2021, not many people are aware of them. The Regulations state that OTT websites and interfaces must make contact information for grievance  officers and procedures for handling complaints available.  ∙Yet, there are […]


ALMA TELESCOPE: #GS3 #Science and Technology Existing circumstances: The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), a radio telescope with 66 antennas in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile, is about to receive hardware and software upgrades that will allow it to gather much more data and […]

Agnipath Scheme

Agnipath Scheme: #GS II #Government Policies and Interventions Topic Government Policies and Interventions: Context: On Monday, the Delhi High Court upheld the constitutionality of the Agnipath programme for recruiting members of the armed forces. Many petitions that questioned the introduction of the system were rejected […]

About the HAL

About the HAL:   #GS II #Statutory and Non-Statutory Bodies: Topic Statutory and Non-Statutory Bodies: Context: Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. developed the Hindustan 228-201 LW aeroplane. An updated version of the aircraft has now been given approval by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) (HAL). […]