#GS 01 Reform Movements
- Dayanand Saraswati was born as Mul Shankar Tiwari on 12th February 1824 in Tankara, Gujarat in an orthodox Brahmin family.
- He spent 15 years traveling as a hermit before becoming the follower of Mathura’s blind sage Virajanand Dandeesha.
- He established the Arya Samaj in Bombay on April 7, 1875 based on 2 basic tenets- Monotheism and Infallible authority of the Vedas.
- He issued the slogan, “Back to the Vedas.”
- He was the first to give the call for Swaraj as “India for Indians” in 1876, which was later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak.
- He denounced idolatry and ritualistic worship and worked towards reviving Vedic ideologies.
- He believed in the infallible authority of the Vedas and advocated the doctrine of Karma and transmigra.
- He focused on the Vedic ideals of brahmacharya, including celibacy and devotion to God.
- He wrote three books viz. Satyartha Prakash in Hindi, Veda Bhasya Bhumika, an introduction to his Vedic commentary, and Veda Bhasya, a Vedic commentary in Sanskrit on the Yajurveda and the major part of the Rig-Veda.
- Arya Samaj is a Hindu socio-religious movement established by Swami Dayananda Saraswati which promoted Monotheism and Infallible authority of the Vedas.
- Arya Samaj holds the distinction of being the first Hindu reform movement that practised proselytization.
- They promoted gender equality, total justice, inter-caste marriages, widow remarriages, and fair play between man and man and country and nation.
Source “Maharishi Dayanand removed evils falsely attributed to religion: Modi”
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