#GS 03 Science and Technology
- INS Sindhukesari is a 3,000-tonne diesel-electric submarine of the Indian Navy belonging to the Sindhughosh-class.
- INS Sindhukesari has become the first Indian Submarine to dock in Indonesia after travelling through the Sunda Strait.
- It has been docked in Jakarta, Indonesia for Operational Turnaround (OTR) from February 22 to 24.
- Sindhughosh-class submarines are built under a contract between Russian company, Rosvooruzhenie and the Ministry of Defence (India).
- These are similar to the Kilo-class in Russian Navy and are diesel-electric submarines in active service with the Indian Navy.
- They have a top speed of 18 knots, displacement of 3,000 tonnes, a maximum diving depth of 300 meters, and are able to operate solo for 45 days with a crew of 53.
- They were commissioned in 1986 and have been undergoing refit and in order to extend their operational life by 35 years.
- A total of 7 submarines in the Sindhughosh-class are currently active in the Indian navy.
- INS Sindhuvir of the Sindhughosh-class was given to the Myanmar Navy by India in 2020 after refitting by Hindustan Shipyard.
- This ship was renamed by the Myanmar navy as UMS Minye Theinkhathu.
- It is Myanmar navy’s first and, as of 2021, only serving submarine.