NATIONAL POPULATION REGISTER
What is NPR:
- It is a list of “usual inhabitants of the country,” according to the National Population Register.
- A “usual resident of the country” is someone who has lived in a given place for at least the previous six months or plans to stay there for the future six months.
- The Citizenship Act of 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules of 2003 are being used to create the NPR.
- Every “usual resident of India” is required to register with the NPR.
- The NPR data was first gathered in 2010 as part of Census 2011’s house listing phase.
- This information was updated in 2015 by completing a door-to-door survey.
- However, in recent years, the NPR has taken a backseat as Aadhaar has become the primary mechanism for transferring government benefits.
- The NPR process takes place at the local, sub-district, district, state, and national levels.
- Both demographic and biometric data will be collected by the NPR. Aadhar details will be used to update biometric data.
- The RGI has only collected demographic information in the 2010 exercise.
- It updated the data in 2015 by adding residents’ cellphone, Aadhaar, and ration card numbers.
- The ration card number has been removed from the 2020 exercise, while additional categories have been added.
- It will consolidate resident data across several platforms.
- For example, it is usual to find a person’s date of birth on many official documents. NPR will assist in the elimination of this problem.
- It will aid national security while also assisting the government in better formulating policies.
- In the same way that Aadhaar has helped to better target government recipients, it will also assist to reduce paperwork and red tape.
- It will aid in the implementation of the government’s recent proposal for a “One Identity Card.”
- The ‘One Identity Card’ aims to replace duplicate and siloed Aadhaar cards, voter ID cards, banking cards, passports, and other documents.
Concerns about privacy:
- There is no clarification on how the massive amount of data that will be collected through NPR will be protected.
NPR and the National Research Council:
- The NPR, unlike the NRC, is not a citizenship enumeration campaign, as it would record any foreigner who stayed in a community for more than six months.
- The NPR has sparked concerns over citizenship in the country, with the government pushing that the NRC be applied across the country.
- All of this is taking place against the backdrop of Assam’s NRC, which has rejected 19 lakh of the 3.3 million people who applied.
- Only on the basis of the impending NPR would the NRC be conducted across the country.
- Following the creation of a list of residents (i.e. NPR), a national NRC might go about confirming the citizens on that list.
Source: THE HINDU.