Sri Aurobindo

#GS-01 Indian Heritage and Culture

For Prelims

Sri Aurobindo

  • Aurobindo Ghose was born in Calcutta on 15th August 1872.
  • He was a yogi, seer, philosopher, poet, and Indian nationalist who propounded a philosophy of divine life on earth through spiritual evolution.
  • From 1902 to 1910 he partook in the struggle to free India from the British.
  • In Pondicherry he founded a community of spiritual seekers, which took shape as the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1926.
  • He was much influenced by the American Revolution, revolts in Italy and the medieval French revolts against England.
  • He died on 5th December 1950 in Pondicherry.

In India’s freedom struggle:

  • He attended Congress sessions and at the same time, helped establish the Anushilan Samiti of Calcutta in 1902.
  • He was the first political leader in India to openly put forward, in his newspaper Bande Mataram, the idea of complete independence for the country.
  • He and his brother revolutionary Barin Ghose contributed articles to the magazine Jugantar which inspired many young people to take up revolutionary
  • In May 1908, Aurobindo was arrested in connection with the Alipore Conspiracy Case.
  • Two years later he fled British India and found refuge in the French colony of Pondicherry (Puducherry), gave up overt political activities and embraced spiritual

Publications and literary works:

  • He was also a journalist, editing newspapers such as Bande Mataram.
  • In 1914, he started publishing a magazine, Arya.
  • Among his many writings are The Life Divine, The Synthesis of Yoga and Savitri.

Spirituality of Sri Aurobindo:

  • In Pondicherry he founded a community of spiritual seekers, which took shape as the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1926.
  • He believed that the basic principles of matter, life, and mind would be succeeded through terrestrial evolution by the principle of supermind as an intermediate power between the two spheres of the infinite and the finite.
  • During his forty years in Pondicherry, he evolved a new method of spiritual practice, which he called the Integral Yoga.

Source “Aurobindo inspired many generations, left his mark wherever he went: Modi