UNESCO expert visits Hassan’s Hoysala temple
#GS-01 Indian Heritage
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) which seeks to build peace through international cooperation in education, sciences and culture.
- UNESCO is headquartered in the city of Paris, France.
- It has 193 Members and 11 Associate Members and three of its members (Cook Islands, Niue, and Palestine) are not members of UN, while three UN members (Israel, Liechtenstein, United States) are not members of UNESCO.
About World Heritage Sites
- The designation of World Heritage Sites is based on Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted by UNESCO in 1972.
- The belief is that World Heritage sites belong to all the peoples of the world, irrespective of the territory on which they are located.
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World Heritage Sites in India
- Agra Fort
- Ajanta Caves
- Ellora Caves
- Taj Mahal
- Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
- Sun Temple, Konârak
- Kaziranga National Park
- Keoladeo National Park
- Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
- Churches and Convents of Goa
- Fatehpur Sikri
- Group of Monuments at Hampi
- Khajuraho Group of Monuments
- Elephanta Caves
- Great Living Chola Temples 13
- Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
- Sundarbans National Park
- Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
- Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi
- Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi
- Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi
- Mountain Railways of India
- Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
- Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka
- Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)
- Red Fort Complex
- The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
- Western Ghats
- Hill Forts of Rajasthan
- Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area
- Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat
- Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar
- Khangchendzonga National Park
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement *
- Historic City of Ahmadabad
- Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai
- Jaipur City, Rajasthan
- Dholavira: a Harappan City
- Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple, Telangana
About Hoysaleshvara temple:
- Hoysaleshvara temple at Halebidu in Karnataka is built in dark schist stone by the Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana in 1150.
- Hoysala temples are known for their hybrid or vesara architecture which is a unique style that is neither completely Dravida nor Nagara, but somewhere in between.
- The Hoysaleswara temple while being a Shaivism tradition monument, includes many themes from Vaishnavism and Shaktism tradition of Hinduism, as well as images from Jainism.
SOURCE: THE HINDU