UNSC 1267 Committee
#GS-02 International Relations, #GS-03 Internal Security
UN Security Council
- The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six main organs of the United Nations.
- The primary responsibility of Security Council under the UN Charter, is to maintain international peace and security.
- The powers of UNSC include establishing peacekeeping operations, enacting international sanctions, and authorizing military action.
- Under the Charter, all Member States have to mandatorily comply with Council decisions.
Membership of UNSC
- UNSC consists of 15 Members out of which 5 are permanent and 10 are non-permanent members.
- China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, and United States are the permanent members of UNSC.
- Permanent members have the ability to veto (block) any substantive Security Council resolution.
- The General Assembly elects five non-permanent members of the Security Council each year for a two-year term.
The non-permanent members of the Council are elected according to the following pattern;
- Five from African and Asian States;
- One from Eastern European States;
- Two from Latin American States;
- Two from Western European and other States.
UNSC 1267 Committee
- It was initially established under UNSC resolution 1267 in 1999 to impose a limited air embargo and assets freeze on the Taliban.
- However, its mandate evolved and the measures became a targeted assets freeze, travel ban and arms embargo against designated individuals and entities.
- It is currently known as ISIL (Da’esh)and Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee.
Procedure of Listing a terrorist organisation/individual
- Any member state are allowed to submit a proposal for listing an individual, group, or entity.
- The proposal must include acts or activities indicating the proposed individual/group/entity is linked to “ISIL (Da’esh), Al-Qaida or any cell, affiliate, splinter group or derivative thereof”.
Acts or activities which indicate that an individual, group, undertaking or entity is associated with ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida include:
- Participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing, or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf of, or in support of;
- Supplying, selling or transferring arms and related materiel to;
- Recruiting for; or otherwise supporting acts or activities of, ISIL (Da’esh), Al-Qaida or any cell, affiliate, splinter group or derivative thereof.
Decisions on listing and de-listing are adopted by consensus.
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