Vikrant is a reflection of self-reliant India, says Modi
About INS Vikrant:
- INS Vikrant is the first aircraft carrier to be indigenously developed in India.
- It is named ‘Vikrant’ as a tribute to India’s first aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, which was decommissioned in 1997.
- The Indian Navy currently operates one Aircraft Carrier bought from Russia called INS Vikramaditya.
- Vikrant is run by four General Electric LM2500+ gas turbines on two shafts, generating over 80 megawatts (110,000 hp) of power.
- The Russian MiG-29K fighters and the Kamov 31 helicopters, as well as the soon to be acquired American MH-60R Seahawk helicopters will be onboard the Vikrant.
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About Aircraft Carriers:
- The history of Aircraft carriers goes back to the first world war.
- The Imperial Japanese Navy ship Wakamiya conducted the world’s first successful ship-launched air raid.
- The first carrier-launched airstrike was the Tondern raid in July 1918 when seven Sopwith Camels were launched from the battlecruiser HMS Furious to attack the German airbase at Tondern, Germany.
- HMS Argus in 1918 became the world’s first carrier capable of launching and recovering naval aircraft.
- As of September 2022, there are 47 active aircraft carriers, including INS Vikrant, in the world operated by fourteen navies.
- The United States Navy operates the highest number of Aircraft Carriers with 11 large nuclear-powered Carriers which can carry around 80 fighters each.
- The United Kingdom, India and China each operate two aircraft carriers.
- France and Russia each operate a single aircraft carrier.
- Italy operates two light fleet carriers and Spain operates one.
- Helicopter carriers are operated by Japan, France, India, Australia, Egypt, South Korea, China, Thailand and Brazil.
SOURCE: THE HINDU
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