24.82 Crore Indians Break Free from Multidimensional Poverty in the Last Decade


Over the past nine years, according to NITI Aayog’s Discussion Paper titled ‘Multidimensional Poverty in India since 2005-06,’ 24.82 crore Indians have successfully overcome Multidimensional Poverty.


GS-02 (Poverty)


  • The paper attributes this accomplishment to substantial government initiatives addressing various dimensions of poverty from 2013-14 to 2022-23.
  • Technical inputs for this paper were provided by Oxford Policy and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Key points highlighted in the paper include:

  • India has experienced a reduction in multidimensional poverty, decreasing from 29.17% in 2013-14 to 11.28% in 2022-23, marking a 17.89 percentage point decline.
  • Uttar Pradesh saw the most substantial decline, with 5.94 crore individuals escaping multidimensional poverty in the last nine years, followed by Bihar (3.77 crore), Madhya Pradesh (2.30 crore), and Rajasthan (1.87 crore).
  • All 12 indicators of the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) exhibited significant improvement throughout the study period.
  • Consequently, India is poised to achieve its Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of halving multidimensional poverty well before the year 2030.