A ruling that gives primary school teaching a new slate


The Supreme Court’s decision upheld by the Rajasthan High Court regarding the eligibility criteria for primary school teaching degrees.


GS-02 (Education)

Dimensions of the Article:

  • Importance of Appropriate Qualifications for Primary Teaching
  • Discrepancies in Teacher Qualifications
  • Challenges in Ensuring Quality Teacher Education

Importance of Appropriate Qualifications for Primary Teaching

  • Teaching young children in primary school requires specialized skills and understanding of foundational literacy and numeracy.
  • Unlike teaching older students, primary school teaching demands a distinct approach to ensure effective learning outcomes. While qualities like love for children and good communication skills are valuable, they are insufficient without specialized training in primary education.
  • The Right to Education Act underscores the necessity for professional qualifications tailored to the specific needs of primary teaching.

Discrepancies in Teacher Qualifications

  • Despite the majority of teachers having some form of professional qualification, there exists a significant gap in the appropriateness of qualifications for primary teaching.
  • The State of Teachers, Teaching, and Teacher Education Report 2023 highlights that only 46% of primary school teachers possess the necessary Diploma in Education (DEd) or equivalent qualifications.
  • The prevalence of Bachelor of Education (BEd) degree holders in primary teaching roles reflects a mismatch between qualifications and job requirements.

Challenges in Ensuring Quality Teacher Education

  • Ensuring the availability of high-quality teacher education programs remains a challenge, particularly in the private sector.
  • Analysis of Teachers Eligibility Test (TET) data reveals disparities in the performance of students from government-funded institutions compared to self-financed ones.
  • The dominance of government-funded institutions in producing qualified candidates underscores the need for greater investment in public education and the regulation of private institutions to maintain standards.

Way Forward:

  • Increase the availability of high-quality DEd/DElEd/BElEd programs to meet the demand for appropriately qualified primary teachers.
  • Strengthen government-funded institutions and regulate private institutions to maintain standards in teacher education.
  • Enhance the quality and pedagogical content knowledge of teacher candidates through comprehensive training programs.
  • Explore innovative pathways for BEd holders to receive professional development for primary teaching roles.
  • Allocate resources and provide incentives for innovation in primary school teacher education through government support.


The Supreme Court’s decision to uphold the requirement of appropriate qualifications for primary school teaching is a positive step towards ensuring quality education for young learners. However, addressing the existing disparities in teacher qualifications requires a multifaceted approach.