About the MGNREGA:
#GS II #Governmnt Policies
Topic – Government Policies and Interventions:
∙6.49 crore households requested employment through the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Program, according to the Economic Report 2022–23, which was
released on January 31—the day before the Union Budget (MGNREGS). Government employment offers were made to 6.48 crore of them, and 5.7 crore of those families accepted them. The survey found that the system had a favourable effect on household income, agricultural output, and costs associated with production. This contributed to “revenue diversification and
enhancing rural livelihoods,” according to the statement.
∙About: One of the biggest labour guarantee programmes in the world, MGNREGA, was introduced by the Ministry of Rural Development in 2005.
∙The program’s main goal is to provide 100 days of guaranteed work per fiscal year to every adult resident of a rural home who is willing to perform unskilled physical labour for the benefit of the public.
∙15.4 crore individuals would be MGNREGA-eligible employees as of 2022-2023.
∙Legally Capable of Working: In contrast to prior employment guarantee programmes, this act employs a rights-based approach to address the root causes of persistent poverty.
∙Women must make up at least one-third of the awardees.
∙According to the state’s statutory minimum wages for agricultural labourers, salaries must be provided in compliance with the Minimum Wages Act of 1948.
∙Demand-Driven Approach The most significant aspect of the MGNREGA’s design is its legally mandated need that any rural adult find job within 15 days of applying; if this is not the case, a
“unemployment allowance” must be provided.
∙The demand-driven approach allows for worker self-selection.
∙Dispersed preparation Giving Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) a significant role in organising and carrying out these efforts will emphasise the decentralisation process’ depth.
∙Gram Sabhas are required by law to recommend projects that should be undertaken and to carry
out at least half of those projects.