Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft

Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft

Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA)

#GS 03 Science and Technology

For Prelims

Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA)

  • AMCA is fifth generation fighter aircraft under development by the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy.
  • The AMCA Mk 1 will feature geometric stealth technology and will be powered by two GE-414 engines.
  • The initial design of the AMCA began in 2009 and was envisaged as a twin engine aircraft featuring stealth capabilities with internal weapons bay and Diverter less Supersonic Intake.
  • The Diverter less Supersonic Intake will be developed for the first time and the design for which is complete.
  • It will be a 25-tonne aircraft with an internal carriage capacity of 1,500 kg of payload and 5,500 kg external payload along with 6,500 kg of internal fuel storage.
  • The AMCA will have dual configurations with both stealth and non-stealth capabilities.

Fifth Generation Aircraft

  • A fifth-generation fighter is the most advanced fighters in operation and includes major technologies developed during the first part of the 21st century.
The characteristics of a fifth-generation fighter

While the characteristics are not universally accepted and every fifth-generation type not necessarily has them all.

However, the commonly accepted ones are

  • stealth,
  • low-probability-of-intercept radar (LPIR),
  • agile airframes with supercruise performance,
  • advanced avionics features, and
  • highly integrated computer systems capable of networking with other elements within the battlespace for situation awareness and
  • C3 (command, control and communications) capabilities.

Source “DRDO asks industry to join fifth generation fighter development

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