Agni-V ballistic missile
#GS-03 Science and Technology
- It is India’s most advanced surface-to-surface indigenously built It is a three–stage, solid fuel 17-metre-tall
- The missile has a range of more than 5,000 km and is capable of carrying nuclear warhead of more than one tonne.
- It is the latest in India’s “Agni” family of medium to intercontinental range missiles.
- It can target almost all of Asia including Pakistan and China and Europe.
- Agni is a fire and forgets ballistic missile and once fired cannot be stopped, except by an interceptor
- It is one of the missiles developed under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP).
- Agni V allows India to join an elite club of nations that possess the ICBM launch
Strategic Forces Command (SFC)
- The Strategic Forces Command (SFC), sometimes called Strategic Nuclear Command, is the major part of India’s Nuclear Command Authority (NCA).
- Agni V along with other nuclear capable ballistic missiles are operated by the Strategic Forces Command.
- It was created on 4 January 2003 to manage and administer all strategic forces by exercising complete command and control over nuclear assets.
Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP)
- It was conceived by Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam with an aim to enable India to attain self-sufficiency in the field of missile technology.
- It was initiated by Government of India in 1983 and was successfully completed in January 8, 2008.
- The 5 missiles developed under this program are Prithvi, Agni, Trishul, Nag, Akash.
APJ Abdul Kalam Island
- Abdul Kalam Island was formerly known as Wheeler Island, and is an island off the coast of Odisha.
- On 4 September 2015, the island was renamed in honour of the late president of India, Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.
- The Integrated Test Range missile testing facility is located on the island, and serves as the test facility for most of India’s missiles.