AI Integration for Road Safety

AI Integration for Road Safety



The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) signed an MoU with Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Delhi, to use AI for enhancing highway road signages for improved safety and real-time traffic management.



GS-03 (Science and technology)


Key highlights:

  • IIIT-Delhi will conduct extensive surveys on approximately 25,000 km of national highways to collect imagery and data on road signage. This data will be processed using AI to classify and assess the condition of road signs.
  • The project includes a gap study to evaluate the discrepancy between existing road signs and the requirements outlined in road development contracts. It aims to align with the latest safety standards for high-speed corridors.
  • AI and GIS for Traffic Optimization: AI and geographic information systems (GIS) can analyze vast amounts of traffic data to predict patterns, identify high-risk areas, and recommend optimal locations for road signs. GIS also offers spatial analysis to maximize the impact of road signs and simulate traffic scenarios.
  • Predictive Analytics for Proactive Safety Measures:  AI can use historical data to predict high-risk areas and times for accidents, enabling targeted safety measures like additional signage, enhanced lighting, and increased patrol presence. This approach ensures proactive maintenance and improved road safety.


Highlights of the AI Mission:


Mission Objectives:

  • Establish robust AI computing power in India.
  • Enhance services for startups and entrepreneurs.
  • Foster AI applications in agriculture, healthcare, and education.


Compute Capacity Goals:

  • Plan to build a substantial compute capacity with 10,000 to 30,000 Graphic Processing Units (GPUs).
  • Additional 1,000-2,000 GPUs through the PSU Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC).
  • Collaborative approach with the private sector under the National Supercomputing Mission.


Key Components:

  • Rudra and Param Systems Expansion:
    • C-DAC’s Rudra server platform to incorporate 1,000-2,000 GPUs.
    • Param Utkarsh, a high-performance computing system, to offer AI capabilities and cloud services.
  • Incentive Structures:
    • Exploring models including capital expenditure subsidies, operational expense incentives, and “usage” fees.
  • Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI) for Startups:
    • Creation of a DPI using GPU assembly to provide affordable computational capacity to startups.
  • Focus on Datasets:
    • Launch of the India Datasets platform offering non-personal and anonymized data for startups and researchers.
    • Consideration of a directive for major tech companies to share anonymized personal data with the India Datasets platform.


Advantages of Integrating AI in Traffic and Highways

  • Enhanced Traffic Management:
      • AI can analyze real-time traffic data from sensors and cameras to optimize traffic flow, reducing congestion and travel time. This dynamic adjustment ensures smoother vehicle movement and prevents bottlenecks.
  • Improved Road Safety:
      • AI-driven systems can predict high-risk areas and times for accidents, allowing for proactive measures like enhanced signage, improved lighting, and increased patrols. This reduces the likelihood of accidents and enhances overall safety for road users.
  • Efficient Maintenance:
      • Using AI, authorities can monitor the condition of road infrastructure and signs in real-time. Machine learning algorithms can identify when maintenance is needed, ensuring timely repairs and preventing road hazards.
  • Adaptive Traffic Signage:
      • Smart traffic signs powered by AI can display real-time information, such as alternative routes during congestion, roadwork updates, or accident alerts. This helps drivers make informed decisions, reducing delays and improving journey efficiency.
  • Data-Driven Decision Making:
    • AI can process vast amounts of traffic data to provide insights for urban planning and infrastructure development. This data-driven approach allows for more accurate forecasting and efficient allocation of resources, leading to better-designed and managed road networks.