About Amur Falcons:
- Scientific Name: Falco amurensis.
- IUCN Status: Least Concern.
- CITES: Schedule II.
- The species is protected under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and the Convention on Migratory Species.
- Amur falcons are the world’s longest travelling raptors and they start travelling at the onset of winters.
- The raptors breed in south-eastern Siberia and northern China, and migrate in millions over India and then over the Indian Ocean to southern Africa before returning to Mongolia and Siberia.
- Their 22,000-kilometre migratory route is one of the longest amongst all avian species.
- They get their name from the Amur River that forms the border between Russia and China.
- Doyang Lake in Nagaland is better known as a stopover for the Amur falcons during their annual migration from their breeding grounds to warmer South Africa.
- Nagaland is also known as the “Falcon Capital of the World,”.
- Apart from Nagaland, Amur Falcons roosts in parts of Manipur, Meghalaya and Assam too.
- BirdLife international had set up an emergency fund to help Bombay natural history society coordinate a series of actions in order to halt the massacre.
- Dragonfly migration coincides with the migration of the Amur Falcon over the Arabian Sea.
- Hence, they turn out to be the greatest source of food for Amur Falcon.