#GS 03 Science and Technology
- Antonov An-32 is a twin-engine turboprop military transport aircraft with a passenger capacity of 42 paratroopers or 50 passengers or 24 Casualties on stretcher with three medical personnel.
- The An-32 prototype took its maiden flight in July 1976 and the production of the An-32 has been suspended as of 2019.
- The IAF currently has over 90 AN-32 medium-lift aircraft, inducted from the erstwhile Soviet Union between 1984 and 1991.
- The An-32 was designed to suit both military and civil operations, and can take-off and land on rough airfields and dirt runways.
- The aircraft features a high mounted wings design consisting of engine mounts over the wing to avoid foreign object damage on rough, unprepared air strips.
- The high placement of the engine nacelles above the wing also allowed for larger diameter propellers to be placed on the aircraft.
- The aircraft can transport 7.5t of cargo, and features advanced cargo handling devices and a cargo door fitted with a ramp to ease the loading or unloading of freight.
- An-32 is powered by two Ivchenko Progress AI-20DM single shaft turboprop engines each of which produces 3,864kW of output power.
- Indian Airforce is aiming to replace An-32 with a Medium Transport Aircraft (MTA) having a carrying capacity of 18 to 30 tonnes.
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