Border Security Force (BSF)
#GS-03 Internal Security
Border Security Force:
- Border Security Force (BSF) was created on 1 December 1965.
- BSF is primary border guarding organisation of India and termed as First Line of Defence of Indian Territories.
- They are charged with guarding Indian borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh.
- The BSF comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India.
- It was raised in the wake of the 1965 War on 1 December 1965 for ensuring the security of the borders of India and for matters connected therewith.
- This paramilitary force is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces in India.
- Until the founding of BSF, the border with Pakistan was guarded by the State Armed Police Battalion.
- Currently there are about 186 battalions and strength of more than 2 lakh personnel.
- It also has an air wing, marine wing, commando units and artillery regiments.
- The organization has its own cadre of officers but the chief is always an Indian Police Service (IPS) Officer.
- Its motto is “Jeevan Paryant Kartavya” meaning “Duty Unto Death”.
- The BSF does not have the powers to prosecute crime suspects.
- BSF is deployed on Indo-Pakistan International Border, Indo-Bangladesh International Border, Line of Control (LoC) along with Indian Army and in Anti-Naxal Operations.
- BSF currently stands as the world’s largest border guarding force.
Jurisdiction of BSF:
BSF currently has powers to arrest and search under
- Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC)
- Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 and
- Passport Act, 1967
It also has powers to arrest, search and seize under the NDPS Act, Arms Act, Customs Act and certain other laws.