Cabinet approves addition of four tribes to ST list
#GS-02 Social Justice
About Hatti tribe:
- The Hatti’s are natives to the Tans-Giri region of Himachal Pradesh’s Sirmaur district.
- They derive their names from their tradition of selling homegrown vegetables, crops, meat, and wool, etc. at small markets called ‘haat’ in towns.
- Hatti men wear a distinctive white headgear on ceremonial occasions as a part of their tradition.
- Their settlements are in the basin of the Giri and Tons rivers, both of which are tributaries of the Yamuna.
- There are two Hatti clans, in Trans-Giri and Jaunsar Bawar, who have similar traditions, and inter-marriages between the clans are common.
- However, Hattis are known to follow rigid caste system with Bhat and Khash as the upper castes, and the Badhois as lower caste, and inter-caste marriages are traditionally considered undesirable.
- The Hattis are governed by a traditional council called ‘khumbli’.
About Narikuravar tribe:
- Narikuravar or Kuruvikaran are a semi-nomadic tribe, tribe from Tamil Nadu.
- Narikuravas speak a variation of the Indo-Aryan language group called Vaagri Booli.
- Narikuravars are broadly sub-divided into two sub-divisions: the buffalo-sacrificers and goat-sacrificers.
- Narikuravars are said to be the descendants of Romani (Gypsies) people of Europe.
- They are said to have originated in northern India before migrating to south India.
About Binjhia tribe:
- The Binjhia also known as Binjhoa,Binjhawar is an ethnic group which have been given ST status in Odisha and Jharkhand but not in Chhattisgarh.
- The name Binjhia is derived from the word Vindhyas meaning Vindhya Hills and were called Vindhyaniwasi previously.
- The Binjhia tribe are large and homogeneous and do not allow clan exogamy.
- They speak Birjia language which is part of the Munda language family and is closely related to the Asuri language.
- Most of the Binjhia work as farmers however, the Binjhia have no land of their own, and work on other’s land as hired laborers.
SOURCE: THE HINDU