Challenges to Indian Migrant Workers

Challenges to Indian Migrant Workers

Challenges to Indian Migrant Workers

Context:

  • International Migrants Day, which is annually celebrated on December 18, requires to be viewed against the backdrop of the COVID­19 pandemic’s unparalleled instability, which started in 2020.
  • Along with this other event included the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the sub-Saharan region’s increasing poverty, and climate change, which led to widespread migration.

Status of the Global Migration:

  • In 2020, there were 281 million international migrants worldwide, with about two-thirds of them being labour migrants, according to the World Migration Report 2022 of the International Organization of Migration (IOM).
  • In 2020, there were 164 million labour migrants, down from 169 million in 2019.
  • The South Asia-Gulf Migratory Corridor is the world’s largest migrant corridor, demonstrating that “migration is not uniform across the world and is shaped by economic, geographic, demographic, and other factors, resulting in distinct migration patterns, such as migration corridors developed over many years.” South Asia accounts for nearly 40% of the global population of migrants.

Challenges:

  • Around 300 Indian engineers from Tamil Nadu have come under fire because they were smuggled into Myanmar to work in a crypto-scam, and approximately 20 Indian nurses were lured for fake jobs in the United Arab Emirates.
  • Data from the Kerala government shows that between June 2020 and June 2021, 1.7 million Keralites returned from abroad as a result of the pandemic, and 1.5 million had lost their jobs.
  • None of them had a strategy for surviving, and they were looking at Kerala with no jobs or chances for self-employment.
  • Even though India is the largest migrant-sending and remittance-receiving nation, the welfare of Indian migrants overseas is unfortunately barely a concern for the government and decision-makers.
  • The fact that India still lacks a practical and comprehensive migration policy to provide good living conditions and safe migration is a serious cause for concern.
  • The Emigration Act of 1983 is used by India to control or regulate Indians who go overseas. Migration has experienced significant changes over the past 40 years.
  • The topic of amending the Act, however, has received no response from the Indian government.
  • The authorities still need to start the necessary conversations to ensure the smooth passage of a strong emigration bill in Parliament.

Source The Hindu

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