#GS-01 Indian Heritage
- The Ahom kingdom was founded by a Tai prince from present-day Yunnan Province, China named Sukaphaa.
- It expanded drastically under the king Suhungmung during the 16th century.
- The Ahom kings ruled large parts of what is now known as Assam for nearly 600 years, starting from the early 13th century until the British annexed Assam in 1826.
- The Ahoms were engaged in a series of conflicts with the Mughals from 1615-1682, starting from the reign of Jahangir till the reign of Aurangzeb.
- Raja Ram Singh I of Jaipur was dispatched by Aurangzeb in 1669 to Ahom which eventually resulted in the Battle of Saraighat in 1671.
- Charaideo was the original capital of the Ahom Kings built by Chaolung Sukhapa the founder of the dynasty in about 1229 CE.
- Though the capital of the Ahom kingdom moved many times, Charaideo maintained its status as the symbolic center.
- It is famous for its collection of maidams, tumuli or burial mounds of the Ahom kings and royalty.
- It not only contains the sacred burial grounds of Ahom kings and queens but is also the place of ancestral Gods of the Ahoms.
- 42 tombs (Maidams) of Ahom kings and queens at Charaideo hillocks have been compared to the Pyramids of Egypt.
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