Climatic Regions of India Part 1: Overview

Climatic Regions of India Part 1: Overview

Climatic Regions of India

Part 1

  • A climatic region has a homogeneous climatic condition which is the result of a combination of factors of which temperature and rainfall are the two most important elements.
  • Even though the whole of India has a monsoon type of climate, the combination of elements of the weather, however, reveal many regional variations.

Koeppen’s Classification of Climatic Regions

  • Koeppen’s Classification of Climatic Regions of India is based on monthly values of temperature and precipitation.
  • He recognized five major climatic groups out of which four of them were based on temperature and one on precipitation.

They are

Tropical climates

  •  In tropical climates the mean monthly temperature throughout the year will be over 18°C.

Dry climates

  • In this type of climate, the precipitation is very low in comparison to temperature, and hence, dry.
  • If dryness is less, it is termed as semi- arid (S) while if it is more, the climate is called arid(W).

Warm temperate climates

  • In this type of climate, the mean temperature of the coldest month fluctuate between 18°C and minus 3°C.

Cool temperate climates

  • Here the mean temperature of the warmest month is higher than 10°C, while, the mean temperature of the coldest month is below minus 3°C.

Cold climates

  • Here the mean temperature of the warmest month is does not rise above 10°C.

For more updates Click Here