Concrete alliance- BRICS found new purpose with expansion; but contradictions too
The recent 15th Summit of the BRICS group (Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa) in Johannesburg has showcased the global significance of this coalition of emerging economies. The considerable attention it has garnered from across the world underscores its relevance.
GS – 02 (Bilateral Relations)
- Examine the expansion of the BRICS group and its implications for global economic dynamics and cooperation. 150 words.
Dimensions of the Article:
- Understanding the Contradictions
- Guarding Autonomy
- Implications for Global Landscape
Understanding the Contradictions:
- Although BRICS has largely succeeded in justifying its existence, internal unity and coherence remain areas of challenge. The friction between India and China has undoubtedly impeded the group’s progress.
- Furthermore, the admission of rivals Iran and Saudi Arabia-UAE, despite recent diplomatic improvements, could potentially generate future challenges. Additionally, adopting a conspicuously political and anti-western stance could discomfort countries like India, Egypt, the UAE, Saudi Arabia, and Brazil, which maintain a delicate balance between global powers. The Russian intervention in Ukraine has also introduced unease, leading to a lack of unanimous voting within BRICS on UN resolutions related to the matter.
- One central concern lies in ensuring that China’s strategic and economic aspirations don’t overpower the collective. The foundational concept of BRICS revolves around asserting the strategic autonomy of its members. Consequently, any move by China to impose its vision would necessitate a firm resistance if the original purpose of BRICS is to be upheld.
- The group’s appeal to numerous nations in the global south hinges on the promise of shared prosperity and a more democratic global governance model. This attraction will serve as the binding force for the expanded roster of BRICS countries.
Implications for Global Landscape:
- BRICS’ expansion ushers in a recalibration of global dynamics. The surge in interest from potential members underscores the group’s capacity to provide an alternative platform for collaboration and decision-making.
- The diverse representation among its ranks, encompassing nations from Africa, the Middle East, and South America, broadens its scope and potential impact. The balance of economic power is further redistributed as the collective GDP share reaches a parity with the G-7, potentially influencing international economic norms.
In light of its expansion and evolving role, BRICS must emphasize cohesive action. Addressing internal contradictions and divergent interests is pivotal for maintaining unity. The group must cultivate a nuanced approach to external engagement, embracing partnerships without forsaking its autonomous stance. Encouraging more inclusive decision-making processes and prioritizing shared growth will fortify BRICS’ position on the global stage.