Dayanand Saraswati

Dayanand Saraswati

#GS 01 Reform Movements

For Prelims

Dayanand Saraswati

  • Dayanand Saraswati was born as Mul Shankar Tiwari on 12th February 1824 in Tankara, Gujarat in an orthodox Brahmin family.
  • He spent 15 years traveling as a hermit before becoming the follower of Mathura’s blind sage Virajanand Dandeesha.
  • He established the Arya Samaj in Bombay on April 7, 1875 based on 2 basic tenets- Monotheism and Infallible authority of the Vedas.
  • He issued the slogan, “Back to the Vedas.”
  • He was the first to give the call for Swaraj as “India for Indians” in 1876, which was later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak.
  • He denounced idolatry and ritualistic worship and worked towards reviving Vedic ideologies.
  • He believed in the infallible authority of the Vedas and advocated the doctrine of Karma and transmigra.
  • He focused on the Vedic ideals of brahmacharya, including celibacy and devotion to God.
  • He wrote three books viz. Satyartha Prakash in Hindi, Veda Bhasya Bhumika, an introduction to his Vedic commentary, and Veda Bhasya, a Vedic commentary in Sanskrit on the Yajurveda and the major part of the Rig-Veda.

Arya Samaj

  • Arya Samaj is a Hindu socio-religious movement established by Swami Dayananda Saraswati which promoted Monotheism and Infallible authority of the Vedas.
  • Arya Samaj holds the distinction of being the first Hindu reform movement that practised proselytization.
  • They promoted gender equality, total justice, inter-caste marriages, widow remarriages, and fair play between man and man and country and nation.

Source “Maharishi Dayanand removed evils falsely attributed to religion: Modi

For more updates Click Here