India Enters Agreement for Lithium Exploration & Mining Project in Argentina

India Enters Agreement for Lithium Exploration & Mining Project in Argentina


An agreement has been formalized between Khanij Bidesh India Limited (KABIL) and the state-owned enterprise of Catamarca province in Argentina.


GS-02 (International Relations)

Project Details:

  • Under this accord, KABIL is set to commence exploration and development activities across five lithium brine blocks spanning an area of approximately 15,703 hectares within the Catamarca province of Argentina.
  • Additionally, KABIL is in the process of establishing a branch office in Catamarca to oversee project operations. The total investment for the project is estimated to be around 200 crores.

Significance of the Project:

  • This groundbreaking initiative marks the inaugural lithium exploration and mining venture undertaken by a Government Company of India.
  • The primary objectives encompass not only securing a sustainable lithium supply for India but also acquiring valuable technical and operational expertise in brine-type lithium exploration, exploitation, and extraction.

Argentina’s Role:

  • Argentina plays a pivotal role in the global lithium landscape as part of the “Lithium Triangle” alongside Chile and Bolivia.
  • Home to over half of the world’s lithium resources, Argentina boasts the second-largest lithium resources, third-largest lithium reserves, and ranks fourth globally in lithium production.
  • The collaboration is poised to reinforce India’s strategic positioning in the lithium market.




  • Argentina, situated in South America, is the eighth-largest country globally.
  • Borders Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay, and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east.

Capital and Major Cities:

  • Buenos Aires is the capital, known for its cultural richness.
  • Major cities include Cordoba, Rosario, Mendoza, and La Plata.


  • Second most populous in South America, with over 45 million people.
  • Diverse population, including European, indigenous, and mestizo communities.


  • Spanish is the official language.


  • Federal republic with a stable presidential system.
  • Multi-party political system.


  • One of South America’s largest economies.
  • Relies on natural resources, agriculture, and manufacturing.
  • Known for agricultural exports, including soybeans, wheat, and beef.


  • Rich cultural heritage influenced by European, indigenous, and African traditions.
  • Contributions to literature by writers like Jorge Luis Borges.
  • Birthplace of tango music and dance.
  • Football is a national obsession, producing global stars.
  • Tourist attractions include Andes Mountains, Patagonia, Iguazu Falls, and wine regions.