India to Become 6th Nation with Its Own Deep Sea Mission

India to Become 6th Nation with Its Own Deep Sea Mission


Recently, Dr. Jitendra Singh, Union Minister of State for Science and Technology and Earth Sciences, has announced India’s imminent milestone of becoming the sixth nation to have a dedicated Deep Sea Mission.

Key Highlights:

Mission Objectives:

  • The mission is not solely focused on mineral exploration but also aims at advancing ocean sciences and conserving marine biodiversity.
  • Central to the mission is the development of cutting-edge technology for deep-sea exploration.

Technological Advancements:

  • Matsyayaan 6000: Developed by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), this submersible can dive to depths of 6000 meters.
  • Titanium Hull: A collaboration with ISRO has produced a hull capable of withstanding extreme underwater pressure.
  • Self-Floatation Technology: Designed for emergency scenarios, enabling the submersible to remain submerged for up to 72 hours.
  • Enhanced Descent Capabilities: The submersible can descend to target depths in just four hours.

Impact and Future Goals:

Economic Contributions:

  • Boost to Blue Economy: The Deep Sea Mission is expected to significantly enhance the Indian economy by exploring and commercially exploiting rare earth metals and polymetallic nodules from the Indian seabed.

Future Milestones:

  • Harbor Trials: The first stage of harbor trials is set to be completed by September 2024.
  • Subsequent Trials: Further trials are expected to conclude by 2026.

Indigenous Technology Initiative:

  • Reducing Foreign Dependence: Dr. Jitendra Singh emphasized the importance of developing indigenous technology to reduce reliance on foreign technology for deep-sea exploration.

Way forward:

India’s Deep Sea Mission represents a pivotal step in advancing the nation’s capabilities in deep-sea exploration and ocean resource management, aligning with global standards and contributing to sustainable economic growth.