‘India will explore building large language models’

India will explore building large language models

‘India will explore building large language models’


Principal Scientific Adviser Ajay Sood of the Union government announced on Wednesday that India will form a “high-powered committee” to investigate the creation of large language models, or LLMs, which are instruments that use artificial intelligence to produce applications that can comprehend and process human language. LLMs are a fundamental technology that underpins many pieces of “intelligent” software and enables programs like ChatGPT.

What are the Large Language Models?

  • Large language models (LLMs) are artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms that process and comprehend natural language through the application of deep learning techniques. To discover patterns and entity relationships in the language, LLMs are trained on vast volumes of text data. Natural language processing (NLP) tasks that they can carry out include: 
    • Text or other content recognition, translation, prediction, and generation.
    • Text generation and classification
    • Providing dialogue-style answers to inquiries
  • Among the most effective uses of transformer models are LLMs. Large datasets are used for training, and transformer models are employed.

what is a transformer model?

  • A transformer model is the most common architecture of a large language model. It is made up of a decoder and an encoder. Tokenizing the input and simultaneously solving mathematical equations to find links between tokens are how a transformer model processes data. This allows the computer to recognize patterns that a human would recognize if it were asked the same question.

What is the interest of India in the LLMs?

  • Linguistic Diversity: There are hundreds of languages spoken throughout India’s many areas. Large Language Models can be used to generate and interpret natural language in a variety of Indian languages. This is essential for enhancing accessibility, communication, and the creation of apps in various languages.
  • AI Developments: When it comes to artificial intelligence, LLMs are leading the way. India may be a player in the global AI scene by investigating and investing in LLMs. Research and innovation in AI can benefit from the creation and use of LLMs.
  • Technological Innovation: A vast array of clever software systems rely on LLMs as their foundation. India’s interest in LLMs is indicative of its dedication to technical innovation and the creation of applications that can raise standards for accessibility, effectiveness, and quality across a range of industries.
  • Support for Deep Tech: LLMs can be important players in fields like content creation, machine translation, and natural language processing as part of the larger deep tech scene. Through the promotion of LLM development, India can bolster its standing within the worldwide deep tech industry.

What is the first India took in developing LLMs?

  • A “high-powered committee” will be established by the Indian government to investigate the creation and usage of large language models (LLMs), which employ artificial intelligence to comprehend and process human languages.

What is the role of LLMS?

  • LLMs are the core technology that powers ChatGPT and other intelligent software applications.
  • With a focus on linguistic variety, the group will investigate how LLMs may be applied to Indian languages.

What are the benefits for India in developing LLMs?

  • Cultural Preservation: By making it possible to create and translate information in regional languages, LLMs can help to preserve and promote India’s rich cultural history. This can be beneficial for preserving cultural history, documenting culture, and promoting regional literature and art.
  • Economic Growth: By encouraging entrepreneurship and innovation in the technological industry, the development of LLMs can boost economic growth. Start-ups and companies specializing in artificial intelligence, natural language processing, and content production may result from this technology.
  • Global Competitiveness: India may improve its standing in the global technological scene by aggressively contributing to the development of LLMs and AI technologies. This may draw in international funding as well as alliances and partnerships with top IT firms and academic institutions.
  • Educational Advancements: By facilitating the production of educational materials in several languages, LLMs can increase accessibility to instructional resources. Education could transform thanks to technology, which can provide individualized and engaging learning opportunities.
  • Public Services: By automating processes, improving customer care, and giving citizens access to information and services in their preferred language, LLMs can be used to improve government and public services
  • Research and Innovation: LLMs support the development of artificial intelligence and the study of natural language processing. Indian scholars and researchers can significantly advance these subjects, resulting in the production of intellectual property and recognition on a global scale.


Overall, the article emphasizes India’s increasing interest in and participation in the deep tech industry, emphasizing the value of cooperation with the US and utilizing LLMs for applications in Indian languages.