Indian Navy unveils new epaulettes for admirals

Indian Navy unveils new epaulettes for admirals


The Indian Navy has unveiled a new design for admirals’ epaulettes. The design incorporates an octagon inspired by the naval ensign and pays homage to the rajmudra of Chhatrapati Shivaji, marking a departure from the previous British-inspired nomenclature.


GS-01 (Culture, History)

Key Highlights:

Epitome of Maritime Heritage:

  • Symbolic Octagon: The new epaulettes feature an octagon, intricately derived from the naval ensign and reminiscent of Chhatrapati Shivaji’s rajmudra.
  • Described as a “true reflection of our rich maritime heritage,” the design encapsulates the essence of India’s maritime legacy.
  • Panch Pran Principles: The Navy affirms its commitment to the principles of “Panch Pran – Virasat Par Garv & Ghulami ki Mansikta se Mukti,” embodying a blend of heritage and a rejection of servitude.
  • Through the revamped epaulettes, the Navy expresses a profound embrace of “Bharatiyata” (Indianness), aligning with the spirit of the nation.

Symbolism in Design Elements:

  • Golden Navy Button: The epaulettes commence with the distinctive golden Navy button, symbolizing a commitment to excellence.
  • Octagonal Core: The central octagon signifies a fusion of heritage and modernity, bridging the past and the present.
  • Crossed Sword and Telescope: The inclusion of an Indian sword and a crossed telescope imparts a maritime touch, reflecting the Navy’s core essence.
  • Rank Indicators: Stars incorporated into the design serve as indicators of ranks, providing a visual representation of hierarchy.

Shift in Nomenclature:

  • Indianized Rank Names: The Navy announces its intention to rename ranks, shedding British nomenclature and adopting titles reflecting an authentic Indian connection.
  • Cultural Transition: The move is a step towards a cultural transition, aligning rank nomenclature with indigenous traditions and historical resonance.


Life and Legacy of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

Birth and Early Life:

  • Born on 19th February 1630 at Shivneri Fort, Maharashtra.
  • Parents: Shahaji Bhonsle, a Maratha general, and Jijabai, a deeply religious influence.

Early Military Exploits:

  • Exhibited military prowess by securing Torna Fort in 1645 and Kondana Fort from Adil Shah of Bijapur.

Key Battles:

  • Battle of Pratapgad (1659): Fought against Adilshahi general Afzal Khan.
  • Battle of Pavan Khind (1660): Led by Maratha Sardar Baji Prabhu Deshpande against Siddi Masud of Adilshahi.
  • Sacking of Surat (1664): Confrontation with Mughal captain Inayat Khan.
  • Battle of Sinhagad (1670): Notable conflict led by Tanaji Malusare against Udaybhan Rathod.

Conflicts with Mughals:

  • Raided Mughal territory near Ahmednagar and Junnar in 1657.
  • Defeated forces of Shaista Khan in Pune in 1659.
  • Treaty of Purandar in 1665 marked a temporary truce.

Coronation and Titles:

  • Crowned as the Maratha king on 6th June 1674 at Raigad.
  • Assumed titles Chhatrapati, Shakakarta, Kshatriya Kulavantas, and Haindava Dharmodhhaarak.

Administrative Reforms:

  • Established a central administration inspired by the Deccan style.
  • Introduced the Ashtapradhan, a council of eight ministers.
  • Revenue reforms included the replacement of the Jagirdari System with the Ryotwari System.

Military Prowess:

  • Organized a disciplined army comprising infantry, cavalry, and navy.
  • Introduced payment reforms, with ordinary soldiers receiving cash and chiefs through jagir grants.

Legacy and Growth of Maratha Kingdom:

  • Expanded Maratha Kingdom into a dominant power in early 18th century India.
  • Shivaji’s reign set the foundation for a robust and efficient administration in the Deccan.


  • Passed away on 3rd April 1680.
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s life and governance left an indelible mark on the history and growth of the Maratha Empire.

Source: The Hindu