Inflation pressures may linger, but food prices to ease soon: Ministry

Inflation pressures may linger, but food prices to ease soon: Ministry

Inflation pressures may linger, but food prices to ease soon: Ministry


The Ministry noted that the 11.5% food inflation rate was “perhaps the third highest” since the current Consumer Price Index (CPI) series started in 2014 and that the impact of the worldwide disruptions was “clearly evident” in the sharp increase in retail inflation pace in July to a 15-month high of 7.44%. It emphasized that core inflation, which excludes the cost of energy and food, was at a 39-month low of 4.9%.

Food price spikes and inflation: 

  • India continues to experience problems with food price inflation.
  • The Black Sea Grain Initiative’s discontinuation has led to increased global uncertainty, which has been blamed for recent jumps in headline inflation.
  • These inflationary pressures have been exacerbated by interruptions in the domestic agricultural sector as well as the supplies of wheat and edible oils.

Data on Inflation for July: 

  • Retail inflation in India had a strong increase in July, rising to a 15-month high of 7.44%.
  • One of the highest rates since the Consumer Price Index (CPI) series started in 2014, food inflation stood at 11.5%.
  • Energy and food prices are not included in core inflation, which was 4.9%, a 39-month low.

Global Uncertainty and Domestic Upheaval: 

  • The Black Sea Grain Initiative’s cancellation, along with other global uncertainties, have fueled inflationary pressures.
  • The government and the central bank will need to be more vigilant in the coming months to maintain macroeconomic stability as a result of these uncertainties, which might keep inflation high.

Transient Nature of Food Inflation: 

  • According to the review, the unusual price increases in several food products that are causing high food inflation are only anticipated to last a short while.
  • For instance, tomato prices are likely to drop as fresh inventories start to arrive towards the end of August or the beginning of September.
  • It is predicted that increased imports of some foods, such as tur dal, will assist to restrain the inflation of pulse prices.

Disruptions in Domestic Production:

  • Domestic production disruptions contributed to the escalation of inflationary pressures.
  • White fly plague in the Kolar district of Karnataka and the early monsoon’s arrival in northern India disrupted the supply chain for tomatoes, driving up prices.

Impact on Economic economy: 

  • Although it is anticipated that domestic consumption and investment demand will continue to fuel India’s economy, there is a warning regarding possible adverse impacts.
  • Further global monetary tightening might have a bad effect on stock markets in developing nations, including India.


In conclusion, a combination of global unrest, food supply interruptions, and domestic production challenges have led to inflationary pressures in India. While some food price increases are considered to be transient, there are worries about potential adverse effects on economic development and stock markets. The government and central bank must be alert to safeguard macroeconomic stability.