INS Vikrant

INS Vikrant

INS Vikrant will be operational by year-end

#GS 03 Science and Technology

For Prelims

INS Vikrant

  • INS Vikrant is the first aircraft carrier to be indigenously developed in India.
  • Named after India’s first aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant is the largest naval ship to be designed and built in India and has a displacement of 45,000 tonnes.
  • Vikrant is run by four General Electric LM2500+ gas turbines on two shafts which generate over 80 megawatts (110,000 hp) of power.
  • The ship plays home to Russian MiG-29K fighters and the Kamov 31 helicopters, as well as the soon to be acquired American MH-60R Seahawk helicopters.
  • The Indian Navy currently operates one Aircraft Carrier bought from Russia namedu INS Vikramaditya.

Categorisation of Aircraft Carriers

By Size:

Aircraft carriers can be classified as light, medium and large/super-carriers.

  • Light carriers are those ships which can carry up to 25 aircraft.
  • The medium-sized carriers can carry around 30 to 50 aircraft.
  • Large/super-carriers have the capacity to carry over 90 aircraft.
By role:
  • In terms of role they play in combat, they are subdivided into fleet, escort, air defence, amphibious assault and anti-submarine warfare (helicopter) carriers.
  • However, this division is often flexible as most modern aircraft carriers have the capacity to perform multiple roles.
By technology used to launch and recover aircraft:

They are categorised as:

  • Catapult Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery (CATOBAR),
  • Short Take-off But Arrested Recovery (STOBAR), and
  • Vertical/Short Take-Off and Landing (V/STOL) carriers.