Lithium Deposits in J&K
#GS 01 Natural Resources
- Lithium is a soft, silvery-white metal and is the lightest metal and the lightest solid element in room temperature and pressure.
- It is an alkali metal and is highly reactive and flammable, and must be stored in vacuum, inert atmosphere, or mineral oil.
- Lithium is consumed in small doses as supplements.
- The most common use of lithium is in manufacturing rechargeable batteries for mobile phones, laptops, digital cameras and electric vehicles.
- Lithium is also used in the manufacturing of some non-rechargeable batteries for things like heart pacemakers, toys and clocks.
- Lithium oxide is used in special glasses and glass ceramics.
- Lithium chloride is one of the most hygroscopic materials known, and is used in air conditioning and industrial drying systems (as is lithium bromide).
- Lithium stearate is used as an all-purpose and high-temperature lubricant.
- Lithium carbonate is used in drugs to treat manic depression, although its action on the brain is still not fully understood.
- Lithium hydride is used as a means of storing hydrogen for use as a fuel.
Advantage of Lithium reserves in J&K
- The discovery of 5.9 tonnes of lithium deposits in Jammu and Kashmir would reduce the need for imports and improve employment opportunities.
- It will also serve as a major boost to the manufacture of rechargeable batteries for smartphones, laptops and electric cars in the country.
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