Longest-reigning monarch of U.K., Elizabeth II, dead

For Prelims

  • The longest reigning monarch in history is King Louis XIV who ruled France for 72-year and 110-days from 1643 until 1715.

For Mains

About Queen Elizabeth II
  • Elizabeth II was the Queen of the United Kingdom from 6 February 1952 until 8 September 2022, when she died.
  • She is the longest serving monarch in the history of United Kingdom and the second longest serving monarch in world history.
  • Her father George VI was the last Emperor of India and when she ascended to the throne, she was crowned as the queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries viz, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, as well as Head of the Commonwealth.
  • She became the fourth Monarch from the royal House of Windsor.
About House of Windsor
  • The House of Windsor is the reigning royal house of the United Kingdom and fifteen sovereign states.
  • These are the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Kitts and Nevis.
  • House of Windsor was founded on 17 July 1917 when it changed its name from the German name Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to Windsor in order to escape the Anti German sentiments rising in the UK due to the First World War.

 Source The Hindu

           For more updates, Click Here