Mercury Rising: The Urgent Call of Climate Change

Mercury Rising: The Urgent Call of Climate Change


The importance of immediate climate action to limit global temperature rise to 1.5° C and India’s role in greenhouse gas mitigation efforts and the potential need to advance its net-zero commitments and transition to fossil-free electricity.


GS – 03 (Environmental Pollution & Degradation, Conservation)


  • Climate Change
  • World Economic Forum’s Global Risks Report 2020
  • Heat Stress
  • The International Energy Agency (IEA)
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Mains Questions:

  • Evaluate the possibilities of limiting global temperature rise to 1.5° C and the role of immediate climate action in achieving this goal, with a focus on emission cuts and India’s responsibilities in greenhouse gas mitigation efforts. (250 words)

Dimensions of the Article:

  • The Earth’s Verdict: A Global Boiling Era
  • July 2023: A Hotspot in History
  • Unraveling the Unprecedented
  • From China’s Embrace to Greece’s Tragedy
  • Dances of Nature and Human Misery
  • A Ray of Hope Amidst Despair
  • World Leaders at a Crossroads
  • The Unforgiving Nature of Time

The Earth’s Verdict: A Global Boiling Era

  • In a solemn declaration at the United Nations headquarters in New York, the Secretary-General, António Guterres, underscored the irrefutable ramifications of the menacing climate catastrophe gripping the world.
  • Describing the transition from a warming phase to an unprecedented “era of global boiling,” Guterres portrayed a bleak reality that has engulfed the very fabric of our planet.

July 2023: A Hotspot in History

  • As scientific evidence converges, July 2023 looms ominously as a pivotal moment in Earth’s climatic chronicles.
  • The prevailing consensus suggests that this month is destined to etch its name as the hottest period witnessed in the past 12,000 years.
  • The ramifications are nothing short of catastrophic, encapsulating an irrevocable “disaster” that engulfs the entire globe in a relentless blaze.

Unraveling the Unprecedented

  • Scientists from esteemed institutions like the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the European Commission’s Copernicus Climate Change Service are awe-struck by the “remarkable and unprecedented” conditions this July.
  • The average temperature of 16.95° Celsius – a mere decimal warmer than its 2019 counterpart – conceals within it a symphony of chaos and extremities that has left the world reeling.

From China’s Embrace to Greece’s Tragedy

  • The distribution and impact of the soaring 16.95° C is nothing short of a grand symphony orchestrated by the forces of nature.
  • Northwest China swelters under an unforgiving 52° C, a testament to the merciless heat that knows no bounds.
  • In the same breath, wildfires ravage Greece, and the United States’ Southwest becomes an arid cauldron where temperatures flirt with the unbearable.

Dances of Nature and Human Misery

  • As monsoon conditions prevail in India, nature takes a mischievous turn by coupling it with a warm-air infusion.
  • The result: torrential downpours of apocalyptic proportions. The Indian subcontinent bears witness to extraordinary rains, giving rise to floods and devastation.
  • The atmosphere, now capable of holding more moisture due to the warm air, unleashes its fury with bursts of calamitous proportions.

A Ray of Hope Amidst Despair

  • Though climate prognostication courts pessimism, António Guterres insists that we can still seize the reins of fate.
  • Limiting the rise of global temperatures to a mere 1.5° C remains a tantalizing possibility, a glimmer of hope amidst the storm.
  • But to achieve this, only one path lies ahead – the path of “dramatic, immediate climate action.”

World Leaders at a Crossroads

  • The gravity of the crisis demands resolute action from the world’s largest economies. At a G-20 ministerial meet in Chennai, the COP28 President-designate, Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, called for more ambitious emission cuts. As India aspires to ascend the economic ranks, the burden of greenhouse gas mitigation looms larger. Will it entail advancing the net-zero commitments from 2070 to 2050? Will India embrace the arduous task of generating fossil-free electricity by 2040?

The Unforgiving Nature of Time

  • As nations haggle and negotiate, time continues its relentless march forward. The climate does not rest for political deliberations. The urgency is real, and inaction breeds catastrophe.

Way Forward:

  • Nations must transcend the boundaries of self-interest.
  • Collaborative and innovative approaches, fortified by unwavering determination, are the need of the hour.
  • Policymakers and leaders must look beyond electoral cycles and contemplate the legacy they will leave for generations to come.


The harrowing reality of climate change calls for profound introspection and immediate action. The mercury is rising, signaling a global boiling era that threatens life as we know it. The delicate balance of nature teeters on the edge, and it falls upon humanity to tip the scales towards a sustainable future. Only through concerted efforts, united and resolute, can we quell the ferocity of this planetary crisis and ensure a harmonious coexistence with our planet Earth.