Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)

 #GS-02 Social Welfare, #GS-03 Employment

For Prelims


  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme was launched on 2nd February 2006 under the MGNREG Act.
  • Its aim is to guarantee 100 days of employment in every financial year to adult members of any rural household willing to do public work-related unskilled manual work.
  • It also aims to create durable assets in rural areas such as wells, ponds, roads and canals.
  • MGNREGS can help reduce migration from rural areas to urban areas, thereby reducing the population stress felt by major cities in India.

Provisions of MGNREGS:

  • Unlike previous employment guarantee schemes, MGNREGS aims at tackling the root causes of poverty by creating a rightsbased framework which will also help to improve public infrastructure.
  • The statutory obligations of MGNREGS says that at least one-third of beneficiaries have to be women.
  • The minimum wages specified for agricultural labourers in the state under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 must be paid to workers under MGNREGA.
  • Employment must be provided to the applicant within 15 days of the application.
  • Works conducted under MGNREGS must undergo social audit.
  • The Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) is the implementing agency for MGNREGS.

The Eligibility criteria:

  • The applicant must be a citizen of India.
  • They must have completed 18 years of age at the time of application.
  • The applicant must be part of a local household in a rural area.

National Mobile Monitoring System

  • National Mobile Monitoring System app was launched by Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) on May 2021.
  • The app is meant for “improving citizen oversight and increasing transparency” in MGNREGS works.
  • The app allows for the real-time, photographed, geo-tagged attendance to be taken for every worker once in each half of the day.
  • The app is to be deployed by MGNREGA Mates who are local women who are selected and trained to monitor MGNREGS worksites.
  • Attendance of workers employed under the MGNREGS all over the country needs to be captured using NMMS from January 1st 2023

Source “Centre mandates universal digital capturing of MGNREGS attendance