Mirage 2000 and Sukhoi-30MKI Crash
#GS-03 Science and Technology
- Officially called the Flight Data Recorder, the Black Box is an instrument which records all the activities in an aeroplane during its flight.
- An Australian scientist named David Warren was the first person to build an FDR/CVR prototype in 1958.
- An aeroplane generally contains two black boxes which are kept at the front and backside of the aeroplane.
- These record the information about a flight and help in reconstructing the events in case of an aircraft crash.
- They do not have the ability to prevent an aircraft crash nor can they help to protect the passengers in the event of a crash.
- Mirage 2000 is a multirole, single-engine, fourth-generation jet fighter designed and manufactured by the French company Dassault Aviation.
- It was inducted in operational service by the French Air Force in 1984 and currently more than 500 Mirage 2000 operational in the world.
- Mirage 2000s have been used by 8 countries namely France, Brazil, UAE, Egypt, Greece, India, Peru and Qatar.
- They have a maximum take-off weight of 38,500 lbs or 17463 kgs, with a maximum speed of Mach 2.2.
- Dassault Aviation is the manufacturers of Dassault Rafale.
- Su-30MKI is an all-weather, long-range, twinjet multirole air superiority fighter developed by Russia’s JSC Sukhoi Company.
- It has been built under licence by India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force (IAF).
- Su-30MKI was accepted into the Indian Air Force in 2002, while the first India made Su-30MKI entered service with the IAF in 2004.
- Su-30MKI is considered more advanced than the baseline Su-30 and features state of the art avionics developed by Russia, India and Israel for display, navigation, targeting and electronic warfare.
- The IAF is the largest operator of the Su-30 variant with around 262-aircraft in service.
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