Nagaland Hornbill Festival
#GS-01 Art & Culture
State Hornbill Festival:
- The Festival is celebrated in Nagaland to encourage inter-tribal interaction and to preserve, protect and revive the uniqueness and richness of the Naga heritage.
- It is one of the largest indigenous festival organised by the state government of Nagaland to promote tourism in the state.
- This festival usually takes place between the 1st and the 10th of December every year in Kohima.
- Hornbill Festival is held at Naga Heritage Village, Kisama which is about 12 km from Kohima.
- The Hornbill is a common bird among the folklores and tribes of Nagaland and can be commonly seen prancing around in the forests of Nagaland.
- The hornbills (Bucerotidae) are a family of birds found in tropical and subtropical Africa and Asia.
- India is home to nine species of hornbills.
- The great hornbill is the state bird of Arunachal Pradesh and Kerala.
- International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has listed the Great Indian Hornbill as vulnerable in the Red List of Threatened Species.
Eastern Nagaland Peoples’ Organisation:
- Eastern Nagaland Peoples’ Organisation, is a pressure group representing the state’s backward, hilly regions.
- Frontier Nagaland is a proposed new state comprising six backward districts of the Nagaland.
- The demand for a separate state, which was formally raised in 2010, comprised six districts of Nagaland, 20 of the 60 Assembly seats and a population of about 10 lakh.
- The ENPO had earlier decided not to participate in the State’s flagship Hornbill Festival that starts on December 1.