National Green Hydrogen Mission

National Green Hydrogen Mission

#GS-03 Science and Technology

For Prelims

Green Hydrogen

  • Hydrogen gas can be created by using electrolytic division of water.
  • Electrolysers use an electric current to split water into its basic components of hydrogen and oxygen, which emits zero-carbon dioxide.
  • When the process energy for electrolysis is generated from renewable sources, the hydrogen generated is called green Hydrogen.
  • Green hydrogen currently makes up less than 1% of the overall hydrogen, due to high production costs.

National Green Hydrogen Mission

  • The Union Cabinet on 04-01-23 approved the National Green Hydrogen Mission with an initial outlay of ₹19,744 crore.
  • It’s aimed at making the country a global hub to produce, utilise and export green hydrogen and its derivatives.


For Mains

Incentives provided:

  • The incentives include priority power supply for manufacturers, concessions for distributors and short-term waivers of transmission costs.
  • The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy will be operating a single-window clearance system for proposals.

Need of Green Hydrogen in India:

  • As per its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), India has committed to reduce emissions with respect to its GDP by 45% by 2030, from 2005 levels.
  • The mission is expected to reduce nearly 50 million tonnes (MT) of annual greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.
  • It is also expected to cumulatively reduce fossil fuel imports estimated at over ₹1 lakh crore.
  • It is expected to bring in investments worth ₹8 trillion and create over six lakh jobs by 2030.

Other Advantages

This will also help in;

  • decarbonising industrial, mobility and energy sectors;
  • reduce dependence on imported fossil fuels and feedstock;
  • develop indigenous manufacturing capabilities;
  • create employment opportunities; and
  • develope new technologies such as efficient fuel cells.


  • India needs to gain access to a reliable stream of components, upgrade the manufacturing and skill levels of its small and medium manufacturing
  • We also need to develop a transmission network that can supply the hydrogen produced from supply-spots to industrial centres across the country.

Source “India’s plan to develop green hydrogen