National Population Register

National Population Register

National Population Register (NPR)

#GS-02 Governance

For Prelims:

About National Population Register (NPR):

  • The National Population Register (NPR) is a Register containing details of persons usually residing in a village or rural area or town or ward or demarcated area within a ward in a town or urban area.
  • NPR was first prepared in 2010 and updated in 2015 under Sub-rule (4) of Rule 3 of the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003, framed under the Citizenship Act, 1955.
  • Section 14A was inserted in the Citizenship Act, 1955, in 2004, providing for the compulsory registration of every citizen of India and the issue of a “national identity card” to him or her.
  • The exercise is carried out under the supervision of Registrar General and ex-Officio Census Commissioner, India.
  • The objective of the NPR is to create a comprehensive database of usual residents in the country.
  • No document will be collected during this exercise.

The Data collected during NPR:

The demographic details of every individual are required for every usual resident such as:

  • name,
  • relationship to the head of the household,
  • father’s name, mother’s name, spouse’s name (if married),
  • sex,
  • date of birth,
  • marital status,
  • place of birth,
  • nationality (as declared),
  • present address of usual residence,
  • duration of stay at the present address,
  • permanent residential address,
  • occupation, and
  • educational qualification.

For Mains:

The Advantages of NPR:

  • A streamlined data about the residents of the country will help the Government and other authorities to create a target plan and develop strategies accordingly.
  • NPR makes a registry of citizens which will help in identifying illegals and saboteurs hiding in the country.
  • The comprehensive list will benefit local self-government bodies since they often lack funding to carry out such a door-to-door survey.

The Concerns about NPR:

  • The collection of such comprehensive data raises concerns about individual privacy.
  • NPR is seen by some as a precursor to National Registry of Citizens (NRC), which many view as problematic.

Source “NPR needs to be updated again to incorporate changes due to birth, death, migration: Centre