• The government has merged the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), the Computer Centre, and the Central Statistical Office to form the National Sample Survey Office (NSO) (CSO).
  • The Rangarajan Commission envisioned the NSO to implement and maintain statistical standards and coordinate statistical activities of federal and state entities in accordance with the National Statistical Commission’s guidelines (NSC).
  • Secretary would be in charge of the NSO (Statistics and Programme Implementation).
  • The CSO is in charge of coordinating statistical activities in the country as well as developing statistical standards.
  • The NSSO is in charge of conducting large-scale sample surveys across India in a variety of sectors.
  • It is the statistical wing of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation’s parent ministry (MoSPI).

The following responsibilities have been assigned to the NSO:

  • Acts as the country’s nodal agency for the planned growth of the statistical system.
  • Establishes and maintains norms and standards in the field of statistics, including concepts and terminology, data gathering methodology, data processing, and data dissemination.
  • Prepares and publishes annual estimates of national product, government and private consumer spending, capital formation, savings, capital stock estimates, and fixed capital consumption.
  • Maintains contacts with international statistical organizations such as the UN Statistical Division (UNSD), the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the Statistical Institute for Asia and the Pacific (SIAP), and others.
  • Every month, the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is compiled and released in the form of ‘rapid estimates,’ and the Annual Survey of Industries is conducted (ASI)
  • Periodic all-India economic censuses and follow-up enterprise surveys are organized and conducted.

Source The Hindu