Naval LCA lands on Vikrant
#GS 03 Science and Technology
- LCA Tejas is a single-engine, lightweight, highly agile, multi-role supersonic fighter with quadruplex digital fly-by-wire Flight Control System (FCS) along with associated advanced flight control laws.
- The Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme was started by the Government of India in 1984 to replace the ageing Mig 21 fighter planes.
- The Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) was established at Bangalore, in 1984 to manage the LCA programme.
- Light, small and tailless multi-role supersonic fighter aircraft.
- Has the ability to carry a range of air-to-air, air-to-surface, precision-guided, weapons.
- Air to air refuelling capability.
- Maximum payload capacity of 4000 kg.
- It can attend the maximum speed of Mach 1.8.
- The range of the aircraft is 3,000km
- INS Vikrant is the first aircraft carrier to be indigenously developed in India.
- It is named ‘Vikrant’ as a tribute to India’s first aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, which was decommissioned in 1997.
- The Indian Navy currently operates one Aircraft Carrier bought from Russia called INS Vikramaditya.
- Vikrant is run by four General Electric LM2500+ gas turbines on two shafts, generating over 80 megawatts (110,000 hp) of power.
- The Russian MiG-29K fighters and the Kamov 31 helicopters, as well as the soon to be acquired American MH-60R Seahawk helicopters will be onboard the Vikrant.
- The ship uses short take-off but arrested recovery (STOBAR) which uses a ski-jump for launching aircraft, and a set of three “arrester wires” for their recovery onboard.
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