‘Need Right Strategies in Right Groups’

Civil Services Current Affairs - ‘Need Right Strategies in Right Groups’

‘Need Right Strategies in Right Groups’

For Prelims

About Monkey Pox

  • It is a viral zoonotic disease (transmission from animals to humans), caused by monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.
  • It was first reported amongst humans in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1970.
  • It is mainly transmitted through direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of an infected animal.
  • Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is also a risk factor.
  • Human-to-human transmission could be caused by skin lesions of an infected person, close contact with infected respiratory tract secretions or objects recently contaminated by patient fluids or lesion materials.
  • Its fatality rate is about 10% and is highly contagious.

About WHO

  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations to spearhead the matters of global public health.
  • Established on April 7th, 1948, its headquarters is located in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • The World Health Assembly is the highest decision-making body of the WHO.
  • It reports to the Economic and Social Council in accordance with any agreement between the Organization and the United Nations.
WHO about Monkeypox
  • The WHO has announced the ongoing monkeypox transmission as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
What is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
  • As per the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005) a Public Health Emergency of International Concern is, “an extraordinary event which is determined to constitute a public health risk to other States through the international spread of disease and to potentially require a coordinated international response”.
  • This definition implies a situation that is:
  • Serious, sudden, unusual or unexpected;
  • Carries implications for public health beyond the affected State’s national border; and
  • May require immediate international action.


Source The Hindu

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