Non-Communicable Diseases Part 2

Non-Communicable Diseases Part 1

Non-Communicable Diseases

Part 2

Measures taken to reduce NCDs in India:

National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS):

  • The Department of Health & Family Welfare, provides technical and financial support to the States/UTs under NPCDCS, as part of National Health Mission (NHM).
  • The amount and quality of the support is based on the proposals received from the States/UTs and is subject to the resource envelope.
  • NPCDCS focuses on strengthening infrastructure, human resource development, health promotion & awareness generation for Cancer prevention.
  • It also aims for early diagnosis, management and referral to an appropriate level of healthcare facility for treatment of the Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs), including Cancer.
  • Till now707 District NCD Clinics, 268 District Day Care Centres, and 5541 Community Health Center NCD Clinics have been set up under NPCDCS.

Comprehensive Primary Health Care

  • A population-based initiative for prevention, control and screening for common NCDs i.e. diabetes, hypertension and common cancers has been rolled out in the country under NHM and also as a part of Comprehensive Primary Health Care.
  • Under the initiative, persons more than 30 years of age are targeted for their screening for the three common cancers i.e. oral, breast and cervical.
  • Screening of these common cancers has also been made into an integral part of service delivery under Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centres.
  • Efforts to prevent Cancer is strengthened under Comprehensive Primary Health Care through Ayushman Bharat Health Wellness Centre scheme.
  • This has been achieved by promotion of wellness activities and targeted communication at the community level.

Measures to generate awareness:

  • Initiatives for increasing public awareness about Cancer includes observation of National Cancer Awareness Day& World Cancer Day.
  • In addition, NPCDCS gives financial support under NHM for awareness generation activities for Cancer to be taken by the States/UTs.

Measures to promote healthy lifestyle:

  • Government has also been making use of print, electronic and social media for continued community awareness about and for promotion of healthy lifestyle.
  • Furthermore, healthy eating is also promoted through Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
  • Fit India movement has been implemented by Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, and various Yoga related activities are carried out by Ministry of AYUSH.

Treatment of Cancer:

  • The Central Government implements Strengthening of Tertiary Cancer Care Centres Facilities Scheme in order to enhance the facilities for tertiary care of cancer.
  • 19 State Cancer Institutes (SCIs) and 20 Tertiary Cancer Care Centres (TCCCs) have been approved under the said scheme.