Pandit Bhimsen Joshi
- February 4 marks the birth centenary of Pandit Bhimsen Joshi.
- Pandit Bhimsen Joshi was born on February 4, 1922.
- Born in 1922 at Ron in what is today Gadag district, Bhimsen Joshi was the eldest among 16 children born to Gururaj Joshi and Godavaribai.
- He left home at a young age in pursuit of music and a suitable guru. The first ticketless journey was to Bijapur (now Vijayapura) and then to Pune, and subsequently to many music schools and gurus in many places.
- He went to Khandwa, Gwalior, Jalandhar and many other places, only to return to Dharwad district where he found his guru – Pandit Sawai Gandharva at Kundagol.
- He received the Bharat Ratnain 2008.
- He is remembered for his famous ragas including Shuddha Kalyan, Miyan Ki Todi, Puriya Dhanashri and Multani etc.
- He belonged to the Kirana Gharana.
- Kirana Gharana got its name from a small town called Kerana in Uttar Pradesh.
- It was founded by Ustad Abdul Karim Khan. Famous artists such as Abdul Wahid Khan, Suresh Babu Mane, Hira Bai Badodekar and Roshanara Begum belong to this Gharana.
- He belonged to the school of Hindustani classical music.
- Hindustani Music is one of the two distinct schools of Indian Classical Music practiced mainly in North India.
- The other school of Indian Classical Music is Carnatic musicwhich is practiced mainly in Southern India.
- The historical roots of both the music types belong to the Bharata’s Natyasastra.
- Hindustani Music is vocal-centric.
- The major vocal forms associated with Hindustani classical music are the khayal, Ghazal, dhrupad, dhammar, Tarana and thumri.
- Most of the Hindustani musicians trace their descent to Tansen.
- A Gharana is a system of social organisation linking musicians or dancers by lineage or apprenticeship, and by adherence to a particular musical style.
- Function in guru-shishya parampara, i.e., disciples learning under a particular guru, transmitting his musical knowledge and style.
Source: THE HINDU.