Param Vir Chakra

For Prelims

Param Vir Chakra

  • Param Vir Chakra is the highest gallantry award conferred by India during wartime and was instituted on 26 January, 1950 on the first Republic Day.
  • It is awarded for most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice, in the presence of an enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.
  • Param Vir Chakra translates as the “Wheel of the Ultimate Brave.”
  • Major Somanth Sharma, from the Kumaon regiment, was the first winner of the award.
  • As of 2022, the Param Vir Chakra has been awarded to only 21 people.

The Param Vir Chakra Awardees

Sl. No Name Rank Unit Date of Action Conflict
1 Somnath Sharma Major Kumaon Regiment 3 November 1947 Battle of Badgam
2 Jadunath Singh Naik Rajput Regiment 6 February 1948 Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
3 Rama Raghoba Rane Second Lieutenant Bombay Sappers 8 April 1948 Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
4 Piru Singh Company Havildar Major Rajputana Rifles 17 July 1948 Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
5 Karam Singh Lance Naik Sikh Regiment 13 October 1948 Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
6 Gurbachan Singh Salaria Captain 1 Gorkha Rifles[d] 5 December 1961 Congo Crisis
7 Dhan Singh Thapa Major 8 Gorkha Rifles 20 October 1962 Sino-Indian War
8 Joginder Singh Subedar Sikh Regiment 23 October 1962 Sino-Indian War
9 Shaitan Singh Major Kumaon Regiment 18 November 1962 Sino-Indian War
10 Abdul Hamid Company Quarter Master Havildar The Grenadiers 10 September 1965 Battle of Asal Uttar
11 Ardeshir Tarapore Lieutenant Colonel Poona Horse 11 September 1965 Battle of Chawinda
12 Albert Ekka Lance Naik Brigade of the Guards 3 December 1971 Battle of Hilli
13 Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon Flying Officer No. 18 Squadron IAF 14 December 1971 Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
14 Arun Khetarpal Second Lieutenant Poona Horse 16 December 1971 Battle of Basantar
15 Hoshiar Singh Dahiya Major The Grenadiers 17 December 1971 Battle of Basantar
16 Bana Singh Naib Subedar Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry 23 May 1987 Operation Rajiv
17 Ramaswamy Parameshwaran Major Mahar Regiment[e] 25 November 1987 Operation Pawan
18 Manoj Kumar Pandey Lieutenant 11 Gorkha Rifles 3 July 1999 Operation Vijay
19 Yogendra Singh Yadav Grenadier The Grenadiers 4 July 1999 Battle of Tiger Hill
20 Sanjay Kumar Rifleman Jammu and Kashmir Rifles 5 July 1999 Kargil War
21 Vikram Batra Captain Jammu and Kashmir Rifles 7 July 1999 Operation Vijay

Source “21 islands get Param Vir Chakra awardees’ name

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