PIB Analysis – 29th July, 2022

PIB Analysis for IAS - 29th July, 2022

Efforts to Encourage to Developed Indigenous Clean Coal Technologies Under “Make in India Mission”

  • Coal is the main stay of Indian energy system and close to 70 % of the total electric generation is coal based.
  • However, share of coal-based power which is close to 70% at present, is expected to reduce to 50% with the increase in generation of of Renewal Energy by 2030.
  • The Government has taken following steps to introduce clean coal technologies in Coal sector to contribute in future energy security of the Country
  • Mission Coking Coal has been launched to augment coking coal production and supply and to meet the demand of steel sector.
  • Under this mission, 12 coking coal washeries are being constructed having capacity of ~30 MTY.
  • Government has launched coal gasification mission with a target to gasify 100 MT by 2030. Under this mission, Surface Coal/Lignite Gasification projects are being constructed.
  • Government is producing CBM gases from Coal bearing areas.
  • Government is also working on Coal to Hydrogen Mission.


Prevention of Cyber Crimes

  • As per Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), to strengthen the mechanism to deal with cybercrimes in a comprehensive and coordinated manner, the Ministry of Home Affairs has provided financial assistance to all the States & UTs under Cyber Crime Prevention against Women & Children (CCPWC) scheme to support their efforts for setting up of cyber forensic-cum-training laboratories, training, and hiring of junior cyber consultants. Cyber forensic-cum-training laboratories have been commissioned in 28 States.
  • The Central Government has taken steps for spreading awareness about cybercrimes, issuance of alerts/ advisories, capacity building/ training of law enforcement personnel/ prosecutors/ judicial officers, improving cyber forensic facilities etc.
  • The Government has established Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) to provide a framework and eco-system for LEAs to deal with the cybercrimes in a comprehensive and coordinated manner. ‘Joint Cyber Coordination Teams’ have been constituted for seven regions at Mewat, Jamtara, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Chandigarh, Vishakhapatnam and Guwahati under the I4C to address the issue of jurisdictional complexity, based upon cybercrime hotspots/ areas, by on-boarding all the States/UTs to provide a robust coordination framework to the LEAs.
  • The Government has launched the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal (www.cybercrime.gov.in) to enable public to report incidents pertaining to all types of cybercrimes, with a special focus on cybercrimes against women and children.


           Source PIB