Report on Senior Care Reforms in India

Report on Senior Care Reforms in India


NITI Aayog recently published a position paper titled “Senior Care Reforms in India: Reimagining the Senior Care Paradigm,” addressing the pressing need for a comprehensive approach to elder care.

  • With India experiencing a significant demographic shift, marked by a growing elderly population and changing family structures, the challenges and opportunities in senior care are becoming increasingly evident.


GS-02 (Social Justice)

Key Highlights:

  • Growing Elderly Population: India’s elderly population is rapidly increasing, with over 10% of the population currently being elderly, expected to rise to 19.5% by 2050. This demographic shift brings about various health, social, and economic implications, including increased healthcare needs and financial dependency.
  • Health Challenges: The elderly face numerous health challenges, including chronic diseases, limitations in daily activities, depressive symptoms, and inadequate healthcare coverage. Moreover, infrastructure and support systems for senior care are lacking, exacerbating the situation.
  • Recommendations: To address these challenges, the paper proposes a multifaceted approach, including:
    • Strengthening healthcare services and infrastructure, promoting health literacy, and expanding teleconsultation services.
    • Enhancing social empowerment through awareness campaigns, peer support groups, legal reforms, and elderly-friendly living reforms.
    • Ensuring economic empowerment through reskilling, financial security measures, and promoting the care economy.
    • Fostering digital empowerment by improving access and literacy and leveraging technology.
    • Engaging the private sector and corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives to increase coverage and support for senior care.
  • Overall, the paper emphasizes the importance of inter-convergence among stakeholders and the implementation of government programs to effectively address the evolving needs of India’s aging population.