Revenue Riddles

Revenue Riddles


As the fiscal year reaches its midpoint, India’s Goods and Services Tax (GST) collections have surpassed ₹9.92 lakh crore, reflecting an 11.1% growth compared to the same period last year. With monthly revenues averaging ₹1,65,418 crore in 2023-24 and frequent crossings of ₹1.6 lakh crore, the government seems to be on solid ground regarding GST collections. However, beneath these numbers lie some areas of concern that demand closer examination.


GS-03 (Indian Economy)


  • GST council
  • One nation One tax

Mains Question:

  • Discuss the trends and concerns in India’s GST collections halfway through the fiscal year 2023-24. What factors contribute to the slowdown in GST inflows, and how can policymakers address these challenges? (250 words)

Dimensions of the Article:

  • Steady GST Growth
  • Macro Resilience and Areas of Concern
  • Understanding the Slowdown
  • Import Anomalies

Steady GST Growth:

  • India’s GST collections have shown resilience, reaching over ₹9.92 lakh crore by the midway point of the fiscal year, indicating an impressive 11.1% increase compared to the previous year.
  • Monthly revenues in 2023-24 consistently hover around ₹1,65,418 crore, with several instances where collections exceeded ₹1.6 lakh crore. The festive season is anticipated to maintain this positive trajectory, offering fiscal stability.

Macro Resilience and Areas of Concern:

  • Despite the overall robustness of GST revenues, there are notable areas of concern that warrant attention. First, there is a discernible slowdown in the growth rate of GST inflows, with September reporting a 10.2% increase, marking the slowest uptick since July 2021.
  • The second quarter’s average growth rate dipped to 10.6% from the more promising 11.5% in the first quarter. Additionally, the growth in domestic transactions and services imports has tapered off to 14% over the last two months, down from 18% in June.

Understanding the Slowdown:

  • To comprehend the extent of this growth slowdown, it’s crucial to dissect its underlying factors. September’s revenue figures encompass pending dues from businesses dating back to the inception of the GST regime in 2017-18, as the deadline for remittance was September 30.
  • Furthermore, the mandatory implementation of e-invoicing for firms with turnovers exceeding ₹5 crore since August 1 contributed to compliance-related fluctuations. Unraveling these influences is imperative to gauge the actual growth resulting from consumption and production increases. The discrepancy between the record-breaking 9.34 crore e-way bills generated in August and revenue levels hints at potential reductions in transaction sizes.

Import Anomalies:

  • Another puzzling aspect lies in the shrinking revenues from goods imports, which have occurred four times this year. Despite imports hitting a nine-month high of $58.6 billion in August, reflecting a 10.75% increase over July, revenues collected in September fell 5.7% below the previous month’s figures.
  • This incongruity demands deeper scrutiny to uncover potential revenue leakages from imports.

Way Forward:

  • Data Analysis: Policymakers should employ rigorous data analysis techniques to separate compliance-driven fluctuations from actual economic growth trends. This will provide a clearer picture of the GST revenue trajectory.
  • Import Oversight: Authorities must conduct comprehensive reviews of import-related revenue collections to identify and rectify any inconsistencies or potential leakages.


While India’s GST collections have showcased commendable growth halfway through the fiscal year, it is essential to dissect the underlying trends and areas of concern. A deeper understanding of these factors will enable policymakers to formulate targeted strategies to ensure continued fiscal stability and robust GST revenues.