Science For All


The Union Cabinet’s approval to set up a gravitational-wave detection facility in Maharashtra, a ₹2,600 crore project, will consist of a detector called the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO), to be built in the image of the twin LIGO instruments already operational in the U.S

Points to ponder:

  •  Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is a large-scale physics experiment and observatory designed for the detection of cosmic gravitational waves and to further develop gravitational-wave observations as an astronomy instrument.
  • LIGO-India is a gravitational-wave detection facility approved by India’s Union Cabinet. It is a 2,600 crore project that will contain a detector designated the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory, which will be modeled after the twin LIGO equipment that is already operational in the United States.
  • LIGO’s detection of gravitational waves in 2016 ushered in a new age of astronomy. As part of the LIGO-India partnership, a third detector is being developed in India to boost the detectors’ combined ability to pinpoint sources of gravitational waves in the sky.
  • The project’s clearance provides an opportunity for India to establish itself as a global center for gravitational physics research and to solidify its reputation for effectively executing an experimental Big Science initiative. This can be accomplished through the timely availability of building money and the smart distribution of resources.
  • However, considering India’s tumultuous history with such projects, such as the Challakere Science City and the blocked India-based Neutrino Observatory, LIGO-India poses a difficulty. (INO). These projects necessitate enormous land tracts, which might have ramifications for land-use change and lead to land-rights disputes, especially in economically developing countries.
  • To address these obstacles, LIGO-India must define its public value beyond benefits to national business and research, as well as participate in public outreach that addresses concerns about land and other resources. LIGO-India may also help the communities from which it needs food and knowledge by giving possibilities for training and the use of precision technology and advanced control systems.
  • LIGO-India has a responsibility to define its public value beyond benefits to national business and research and to address concerns regarding access to land and other resources in good faith. This includes public engagement on par with the international LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the construction of a facility that benefits the communities from which it draws nourishment and expertise.