Shah calls for a uniform anti-terrorism structure under NIA in all States

Shah calls for a uniform anti-terrorism structure under NIA in all States

Shah calls for a uniform anti-terrorism structure under NIA in all States


Union Home Minister Amit Shah stated on Thursday that, in addition to a ruthless approach, a consistent anti-terrorism framework should be built in all states under the supervision of the National Investigation Agency (NIA).

What is the NIA? 

  • The National Investigation Agency (NIA) is the primary counter-terrorism law enforcement agency in India. 
  •  The NIA was established in 2008, following the Mumbai terror assault of that year. 
  •  The NIA’s goal is to look into any crime that jeopardizes India’s integrity, security, or sovereignty. 
  •  Without special approval from the states, the NIA has the jurisdiction to investigate terror-related crimes beyond state lines.
  • NIA is established under the Act of NIA Act, of 2008.

What are the roles of the NIA?

  • Terrorism Case Investigation: The NIA’s principal job is to investigate and manage terrorism-related cases. This comprises incidents involving terrorist activities, insurgencies, and other kinds of violent extremism that endanger India’s security and sovereignty.
  • cases with National and Cross-Border consequences: The NIA has the authority to examine instances with national and cross-border consequences. This means it can handle situations that cross state lines and affect the entire country. It has the authority to investigate situations involving threats to India’s sovereignty, integrity, or security.
  • Counterterrorism Operations: The NIA undertakes counterterrorism operations to identify, trace, and apprehend terrorists and groups. This includes gathering intelligence, conducting surveillance, and taking action against individuals who plot or carry out terrorist activities.
  • Arrests and Seizures: The agency has the jurisdiction to make arrests, conduct searches, and seize assets and evidence in connection with terrorism investigations. This authority is critical for establishing a compelling case against terrorists and their support networks.
  • Prosecution: Once the investigation is completed, the NIA is in charge of prosecuting the accused persons and organizations in a court of law. It collaborates closely with law enforcement to guarantee that terrorists are brought to justice.
  • Database Maintenance: The NIA keeps a detailed database of terrorist organizations, their members, and other pertinent information. This database aids in the detection and monitoring of terrorist networks and actions.

What is the recent proposal made to enhance the security cover provided by NIA?

  • Uniform Anti-Terrorism Structure: The government is seeking to establish a Uniform anti-terrorism structure in all Indian states under the supervision of the National Investigation Agency (NIA). This suggests a consistent structure for dealing with terrorism situations across the country.

How is this change going to impact the national security?

  • Improved Coordination: Standardized units make it easier to coordinate between federal and state authorities. In the event of a terrorist incident involving numerous states or regions, consistent units facilitate smooth collaboration and information sharing among agencies, resulting in faster and more effective responses.
  • Resource Allocation Efficiency: Uniform units can optimize resource allocation. It is easier to dedicate personnel, equipment, and cash to anti-terrorism activities that have a defined structure and processes. This improves the overall effectiveness of counter-terrorism activities.
  • Interoperability: Uniform units encourage law enforcement authorities to work together. When all units adhere to the same rules and norms, they may collaborate more effectively, allowing for more efficient joint operations and intelligence sharing.
  • Specialization: These units might specialize in dealing with terrorism-related cases within the jurisdiction of the NIA. Specialization results in a more in-depth grasp of terrorist tactics, methods, and networks, which can lead to more successful investigations and prosecutions.
  • Quick Response: Standardized units can respond more quickly and efficiently in the case of a terrorist threat or incident. They are trained to handle such circumstances with precision and quickness, reducing casualties and damage.


In summary, Amit Shah’s remarks highlight the need for a standardized approach to counter-terrorism across India, improved coordination among various agencies, innovation in combating terrorism, and the government’s commitment to addressing emerging challenges in this domain through modern technology and strategies.