State Disaster Response Funds (SDRF)

State Disaster Response Funds (SDRF)


The recent release of Rs. 7,532 crores by the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance to 22 State Governments for their respective State Disaster Response Funds (SDRF) has brought the focus back to disaster management in India.


The SDRF, established under Section 48 (1) (a) of the Disaster Management Act, 2005, plays a crucial role in enabling State Governments to respond effectively to officially notified disasters.

  • When it comes to funding, the Central Government contributes a significant portion of the SDRF amount.
  • General States receive 75% of the funds, while North-East and Himalayan States receive a higher percentage of 90%.
  • The release of funds from the SDRF is subject to certain guidelines. Typically, State Governments are required to provide a utilization certificate for the previous installment and a report detailing the activities carried out using the SDRF funds. However, in the recent disbursement, these requirements were waived due to the urgency of the situation.
  • The primary purpose of the SDRF funds is to provide immediate relief to victims affected by various calamities, ranging from cyclones and droughts to earthquakes, fires, floods, tsunamis, hailstorms, landslides, avalanches, cloud bursts, pest attacks, frost, and cold waves.
  • The allocation of funds to States is determined by multiple factors, including past expenditure, geographical area, population, and the disaster risk index. These factors take into account the institutional capacity, risk exposure, and hazard vulnerability of each State.


The SDRF plays a vital role in providing immediate relief and response during times of calamities. The funding allocation process, guided by various factors, ensures that resources are distributed based on the unique needs and vulnerabilities of each State. This emphasis on disaster preparedness and response is crucial for effective governance and safeguarding the well-being of citizens.