Swadesh Darshan Scheme
#GS-01 Indian Heritage
Swadesh Darshan Scheme:
- Swadesh Darshan Scheme is a Central Sector scheme under the Ministry of Tourism launched in 2014 -15.
- It has been created for integrated development of theme-based tourist circuits in the country.
- The Ministry of Tourism will provide Central Financial Assistance (CFA) to State Governments/Union Territory Administrations for infrastructure development of circuits under this scheme.
- The Kerala Tourism Department is likely to highlight Beypore ‘Uru’ in the detailed project report (DPR) to be submitted to the Centre for the Swadesh Darshan project.
- Beypore is a historic port town on the banks of Chaliyar and is part of the present-day Kozhikode district in Kerala.
- The name Uru is derived from the 1500 years old traditional ship building culture of Kerala.
- An Uru is a wooden dhow handmade mainly from Malabar teak and can even be considered as the biggest handicraft in the world.
- This type of boat has been used by the Arabs since ancient times mostly as trading vessels and rarely as a passenger
- Even now, urus are being manufactured and exported from Beypore to the Arab nations.
- It takes a team of fifty men one to four years to build each Uru and the entire process is done by hand.
- The Khalasis are the traditional artisans responsible for the manufacture of the Uru.
- Most of these artisans involved in Uru-making are over 50-70 years old and have been in the profession for generations and have gained the knowledge from their father.
- The Beypore Urus are seen as a symbol of Kerala’s trade relations and friendship with the Gulf countries.